Your kidneys are two bean shaped organs in the back of your abdominal cavity on either side of your spine. Like many other organs in your body, the kidneys can develop cancer. In adults, the most common kidney cancer is Renal Cell Carcinoma. The second most common kidney cancer is Transitional Cell Carcinoma. The American Cancer Society estimates that >50,000 Americans will be diagnosed with kidney cancer each year.
Renal Cell Carcinoma
Renal Cell Carcinoma has few or no symptoms in its early stages. In later stages, it can cause upper back pain, blood in the urine, weight loss and fatigue. Typically, kidney cancer is diagnosed “by accident”. Most cancers are detected on radiologic studies that are ordered for completely unrelated issues. Luckily, when these cancers are found in their early stages, cure rates with treatment are >80-90%.
The mainstay for the treatment of renal cell carcinoma involves surgical removal of the tumors (nephrectomy). Consultants in Urology offers the latest surgical treatment options including:
Laparoscopic Radical Nephrectomy : complete removal of the entire kidney through small telescopic incisions in your abdomen.
Open Radical Nephrectomy: complete removal of the entire kidney through an incision, either through the abdomen or flank.
Laproscopic or Open Partial Nephrectomy: for small tumors, the cancerous portion is removed and the normal kidney is reconstructed
Recently, there have been advances in developing less invasive treatment options for renal cell carcinoma. While surgical removal is still considered the gold standard of treatment, we do offer them for the properly selected patient
Cryotherapy or Radiofrequency Ablation (RFA): In a laparoscopic procedure, the tumor on the kidney is exposed and small probes are inserted into the tumor, these probes freeze or burn the tumor to destroy the tumor cells. Typically patients can leave the hospital the following day.
Tumor Embolization: Indicated for those patients who cannot tolerate surgery and are having active symptoms. Through a small catheter in the groin the blood and oxygen supply to the tumor is cut off, thereby shrinking the tumor and reducing symptoms such as blood in the urine and back pain.